Rubem Valentim (1922-1991) was born in Salvador. His paintings show a strong interest in folk traditions of the Northeast with particular reference to the religious world, especially those related to Candomblé with its tools of worship, structures and symbols of the altars of the gods.. These signs or emblems are rearranged in his work in a more rigorous geometry, formed by horizontal and vertical lines, triangles, circles and square coupled with creative use of colour. In 1957, Valentim moved to Rio de Janeiro where he becomes an assistant professor at the Institute of Fine Arts. He was awarded a fellowship for travel abroad in 1962, and spends 3 years in Europe.He travelled to Africa to participate in the First World Festival of Negro Art in Dakar, Senegal in 1966. He returned to Brazil in 1966, after accepting an invitation from the Central Institute of the Arts of the University of Brasilia.