Alberto Pires de Aguiar Valencia (Alagoinhas BA 1890 - Salvador BA 1983) was both a painter and important teacher in Bahia. He studied at the School of Arts and Crafts (1905/1914) and the School of Fine Arts (1908-1914). From 1913, he starts his career as a painter and works as a technical illustrator for several companies. In 1920 he participates in the Group A Round Table, and in 1925, he travelled on a scholarship to Paris, where he studies with Emile Bernard at the Academie Julian until 1927. In 1928, he returns to Salvador and works as a professor at the College of Bahia until 1929. Between 1931 and 1933, teaches courses in design and Freycinet Lafayete Institute, in Rio de Janeiro. In 1936, he joined the ALA group and in 1940, becomes a consultant to the Museum of Bahia. In 1945 . He is a member of the jury of the Salon of Bahia in 1951 and 1956. He teaches at the School of Fine Arts, Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), retiring in 1960. In 1961, he received the title of Professor Emeritus of the university and became a member of the Brazilian Academy of Fine Arts. In 1970, he received the Award Odorico Tavares. Alberto Valença has his place in the history of Brazilian painting primarily for his work representing Bahian nature. Genaro de Carvalho
Genaro de Carvalho (1916-1971). Born in Salvador. When he was 18 he went to Rio de Janeiro to study drawing at the Sociedade Brasileira de Belas Artes, and at the same he took part in the movement for artistic renovation in Bahia, together with Mário Cravo Júnior, Carlos Bastos, Rubem Valentim and Carybé, among others. In 1949 he went to Paris, with a grant from the French government, and studied under André Lhote at the Ecole Supérieure des Beaux-arts, taking part in several art shows in the French capital. In this period he came across wall tapestries and started researching the technique, which resulted in 1950 in his first tapestry, Plantas Tropicais. Although he began his career as a painter, Genaro de Carvalho is considered in Brazil to be the pioneer of modern tapestry, used as a form of expression for his painting and drawingCarybe
Hector Julio Paride Bernabo (1911- 1997) is better known by his nickname, Carybe. Although known as an artist of Bahia, he was actually born in Argentina. He moved to Rio de Janeiro with his family when he was a child. He later became a Brazilian citizen and made Salvador his home. He is best known for his colourful paintings of Afro-Brazilian religious cults, including Candomble, which mixes native African deities with Roman Catholic saints. He used strong lines and rich splashes of colour to depict mulattoes, pimps and other figures in Brazilian street life. He employed the same elements to render Afro-Brazilian deities, painting them in masks and skirts as they appear in Candomble ceremonies. His work has been used to illustrate novels written by such Latin American authors including Jorge Amado Gabriel Garcia Marquez. His murals are in several countries; in the airports of New York, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, and his works are in museum collections including the Museums of Modern Art in New York, São Paulo and Bahia, the Arte Contemporânea de Lisboa and the Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian in Portugal, and the Memorial da América Latina in São Paulo. He won various awards including the drawing prize at the III Bienal de São Paulo in 1955. He also participated in the XXVII Bienal de Veneza in 1956, and the Sala Especial at the XI Bienal de São Paulo.
Use this link to see a video about his work.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Abx38K7c1 Rubem Valentim
Rubem Valentim (1922-1991) was born in Salvador. A self-taught artist, he started to paint as a child, he graduated in dentistry in 1946, and practiced the profession while continuing to paint. Between 1946 and 1947 he participated in the renewal movement of the visual arts in Bahia,together with Mario Cravo Junior, Carlos Bastos and other artists. In 1948, he left dentistry to devote himself entirely to painting producing works showing strong interest in folk traditions of the Northeast with particular reference to the religious world, especially those related to Candomblé or Umbanda with their tools of worship, structures and symbols of the altars of the gods.. These signs or emblems are rearranged in his work in a more rigorous geometry, formed by horizontal and vertical lines, triangles, circles and square coupled with creative use of colour. He went on to study Journalism, he publishes articles on art, and received his Bachelor's Degree from the School of Philosophy of Bahia in 1953. In 1957, Valentim moved to Rio de Janeiro where he becomes an assistant professor to Carlos Cavalcanti in the course of art history at the Institute of Fine Arts. He was awarded a fellowship for travel abroad in 1962 by the XI National Salon of Modern Art. He travelled to Europe for 3 years, expressing an interest in the art of primitive peoples. He eventually settled in Rome, working and holding exhibitions there. He visited the Venice Biennials of 1964 and 1966. He travelled to Africa to participate in the First World Festival of Negro Art in Dakar, Senegal in 1966. He returned to Brazil in 1966, after accepting an invitation from the Central Institute of the Arts of the University of Brasilia. In 1972, a marble mural at the headquarters building at Brasilia Novacap, is considered his first public work. The art critic Frederico Morais in 1974 produces audiovisual "The Art of Reuben Valentine". In 1979, Valentine creates a concrete sculpture, installed in the Cathedral Square in Sao Paulo, defining it as the Mark of the syncretic Afro-Brazilian Culture and the same year and is designated by a committee of critics, to produce for The Mint of Brazil five medals in gold, silver and bronze, for which recreates symbols African-Brazilians. In 1998 the Museum of Modern Art of Bahia BA opened a Reuben Valentine room in the Sculpture Park.
This is a link to see a video about his workhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bWT-Tk3T Floriano de Araujo Teixeira
Floriano de Araujo Teixeira ( 1923 - 2000 ) was a painter , designer, cover artist , portrait painter , engraver and sculptor. In 1935 received his first drawing lessons and in the same year he painted his first watercolours . He works as an artist for the newspaper "Democrat" and first exhibits in 1941 where he wins first prize. 1949, in partnership with other artists, he starts the Center Elisha Visconti. He experiments in monotype and woodcut and writers, including Jorge Amado, ask him to illustrate their works of short stories, poems, essays, novels and essays. With Antonio Bandeira , Zenon Barreto and other artists, founded the group "Independent." However, 1962 finds him designing prints for a textile mill and touring the backcountry as an employee of Animal Sanitary Defence !!!. He is then invited by Antonio Martins Filho and joins his team at the University of Ceara, as a designer and researcher. His artistic works win growing national and international prestige and the first exhibition of his works take place in Bahia in the Museum of Unhão. In 1969 Floriano transfers to the Federal University of Bahia in Salvador, where he resided continuing to draw and paint until his death.
Raimundo de Oliveira
Raimundo de Oliveira (1930 -1966). Encouraged by his family and teachers, he moved in 1947 to Salvador, where studies painting with Célia Maria Amado, at the School of Fine Arts at the University of Bahia. He mixes with Mario Cravo Junior and Jenner Augusto. Sadly, following the death of his mother, he commits suicide in1966. Fame comes after his death from two books published of his woodcuts.Jenner Augusto da Silveira
Jenner Augusto da Silveira (1924 - 2003) was a painter, illustrator, designer, and engraver. Having lived in Sergipe and Aracaju he moved to Salvadorin 1949 to work as an assistant in the studio of Mario Cravo Junior. At this time, he participated with Lygia Sampaio and Reuben Valentine in their Baianos New Artists shows held at the Institute of History and Geography of Bahia. In the 1960s, he painted regularly in the wetlands and landscapes of Salvador. In 1956 , he won Gold Medal at the VI Salon Baiano of Fine Arts. In 1963 , won the grand prize for painting III Salon of Plastic Arts of Rio Grande do Sul . In 1965 made his first solo exhibition in Sao Paulo at Galeria Astrea. In 1966, he was invited to open the show "Baianos" in Philadelphia. The following year, he traveled through France, Italy, Holland, England and Belgium, which forms the basis of an album published in 1970. Illustrates the book by Jorge Amado Tent of Miracles . There are at least three books about his work: Jenner: The Modern Art of Bahia, Roberto Spot, The Wetlands of Jenner, by Adonijah Son, and a book-album called Jenner , with reproductions of his work in color and black and white, from the earliest work, published by the Printing Bureau of Bahia.Carlos Bastos
Carlos Bastos (19252004) was an artist and painter, leader of the Brazilian Modernist Movement in Bahia. He was a student of Mendonça Filho and Alberto Valença. His significant works include the Saint John the Baptist Chapel mural at the Parque e Museu Histórico Nacional, in Rio de Janeiro and the vast murals for the Bahian Congress Building. Carlos Bastos also earned fame as an illustrator and set designer Bastos is mentioned in two of Jorge Amado´s books.Jose Julio de Calasans Neto
Calasans Neto (1932 -2006) was born and lived in Salvador. He was a painter, writer, illustrator, designer and teacher. He attended the School of Fine Arts of the Federal University of Bahia where he was a disciple of Mario Cravo Jr in engraving and Genaro de Carvalho in painting. He took part in the cultural movement that transformed Bahian art at the end of the 1950s , creating scenery for films by Glauber Rocha and Ruy Guerra, and founding the magazine Mapa (the name by which his generation became known) and the publishing house Editora Macunaíma. He illustrated many books including those of Jorge Amado , Tasso Franco , Olga Savary , Zelia Gattai and Sonia Coutinho. He exhibited extensively both in Brazil and abroad, including taking part in the 18 Bienal Internacional de São Paulo in 1985 and in the II Bienal de Havana in 1986.Mario Cravo Junior
Mario Cravo was born in Salvador in 1923 and is known as a sculptor, printmaker, designer, teacher. He studied with Pedro Ferreira in Salvador and then moved to Rio de Janeiro to work in the studio of sculptor Humberto Cozzo. Returning to Salvador he held his first solo exhibition in 1947 and from 1949 his studio ( next to a bar !!) becomes a meeting point for many artists. In 1954, he starts teaching at the School of Fine Arts, Federal University of Bahia - UFBA. Between 1964 and 1965, lives in Berlin, sponsored by the Ford Foundation. He returned to Brazil in 1966, the year he obtained a doctorate in fine arts at UFBA and assumes the post of director of the Museum of Modern Art of Bahia - MEM / BA, a position he held until 1967. In 1981, coordinates the implementation of the course of specialization in printmaking and sculpture at the School of Fine Arts of the university. In 1994, he donated several works for the State of Bahia, which now compose the collection of the Carnation area, located in the Parque Metropolitano de Pituaçu in Salvador. His son was Mario Cravo Neto one of Brazil's leading photographic artists who sadly died in 2009.
For a video of an exhibition he held go to :- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HdG7kGURv
Sante Scaldaferri was born in 1928 in Salvador, Bahia. He took a painting course at the Escola de Belas Artes at the Universidade Federal da Bahia, and has played an active role in the cultural development of Bahia including editing the journal MAPA. His painting reflects the lives of the people of the North East, including Brazilian themes of religiousness and popular culture. Since 1957 he has used Brazilian ex-votos [votive offerings] in his paintings as symbolic icons of Brazilian cultural identity. Since 1980, the ex-votos took on the human condition to express character traits,and he has used an encaustic painting technique having original ex-votos and other materials stuck to the painting. He lives in Salvador, Bahia.
For a program interviewing him in Portuguese in his studio go to :- http://www.canalassembleia.ba.gov.br/Det
To see some of the above artists works in 2010, being in the collection of the Bahia State development bank. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPKdOYrjy
A couple of happy accidents who washed up on the shores of Bahia :- Hansen Bahia
Born in 1915 in Hamburg, Germany, Karl Heinz Hansen-Bahia began creating woodblock prints in 1946, focusing his attentions on religious scenes heavily influenced by Durer. He emigrated to Brazil in 1949 where he taught art in Sao Paulo. Here, too, is where his first exhibitions were held before he moved to Salvador Bahia. His distinctive style and technique. inspired more by the country which became his home than that which he left, made him one of the most important post-war German artists. He returned for a brief time to Germany, but soon accepted a professorship at the Art Academy Adis Ababa in Ethiopia. He remained there until he acquired Brazilian citizenship. The connection to his country of birth remained, however, and extensive retrospectives were held in Germany in 1971-72, the last retrospectives to be held there before his death in 1976 in Brazil. Hansen-Bahia showed internationally, including Europe, Japan, and both Americas. Frans Krajcberg
Frans Krajcberg was born in Poland in 1921. From 1948 to 1954 he lived in Paris and Ibiza before settling in Brazil. In the 1950s he lived in a cave in the Peak of Cata Branca in the interior of Minas Geraise, where he lived alone bathing in the river nearby. In 1964 he executed his first sculptures in wood. He made several trips to the Amazon and the Pantanalto photograph and document the deforestation, in addition to collecting materials for his works, such as roots and charred tree trunks. Since 1972 he has lived in Southern Bahia , where he maintains his studio in the municipality of Nova Viçosa. He arrived at the invitation of his friend the architect Zanine Caldas, who helped build the house: a house, seven feet off the ground, atop a stem of pequi. At the site, an area of 1.2 km ², a remnant of Atlantic forest and mangroves, he has planted more than ten thousand seedlings of native species Since the 1970s he won international renown with its sculptures of wood ash. His work reflects the Brazilian landscape, particularly the Amazon rain forest, and his Eco-Activism. In 2008 he won the grand prize of APCA.
Should you be interested in acquiring works by the artists mentioned above, we would be pleased to advise and aid you through our extensive contacts with the galleries and collectors of Bahia